Radiocarbon Dates for Sites Described

Appendix B

All of this information is derived mainly from Hassan 1985, with additional and more up to date information from Hassan 1986 and 1988, and from Wetterstrom 1993, 1995.

Please note that the “References” column referrers to the source from which I have derived the dates, and not the original source for the date.  Those who want to pursue these matters further should refer to the Lab Reference or should use the References to find the original source.

Key: QES Qasr el-Sagha
? Unknown context

Area

Period

Site

Site

Provenance

 

Radiocarbon Date, uncalibrated

Calibration if available (and calibration source if known)

Lab reference

Material

Reference

Faiyum

Epipalaeolithic

QS I/79

1.70m asl. Ancient deltaic deposits of Lake Qarun, layer of crossbedded sand.

8835890bp

N/a

Gd-709

?

Hassan 1988 and www.carbon14.pl

FS-2

TS-8, level 2

8220105bp

7100BC

Beta-4871

?

Hassan 1986

E29GI(A)

Trench 1.

14-15 asl. Premoeris Sediments. 

8100130bp

7100BC

I-4128

 

Charcoal

Hassan 1988

 

6150130BC

Charcoal

Said et al 1970

E29H1

Area A, trench 1, layer 2

8070115BP

6120BC115

I-4126

Powdered charcoal

Wendorf and Schild 1976

QS II/79

?

774060bp

6370BC

Bln-2336

?

Hassan 1988

FS-2

TS-12, level 4

772070bp

6500BC

Beta-4872

?

Hassan 1986

FS-2

?

760070bp

6450BC

Beta-4180

?

Hassan 1988

E29G3(A)

Trench 5, Area A. 12.2m asl

7500125bp

6400BC

 

I-4130

?

Hassan 1986

5550BC125

Wendorf and Schild 1976

E29GI

Occupation horizon c.19m asl

Protomoeris sediments

7140120bp

6030BC

I-4129

Burnt Shells

Hassan 1988

 

5190120BC

Wendorf and Schild 1976

 

North Faiyum

 

Neolithic

Kom K (upper)

Upper K Pit 13

6095250bp

4970250 BC

(Damon et al)

C-457

Charcoal

Hassan 1985

Kom K (upper)

Upper K Pit 59 & unnumbered pit

6391180bp

5260200 BC

(Damon et al)

C-550 and C-551

Charcoal

Hassan 1985

Kom W

(E29H2)

Basal level  c.16.5m asl

5810115bp

4690145 BC

(Damon et al)

I-4127

Charcoal

Hassan 1985

 

3860115BC

Said et al 1970

29d30’N/30d30’E

?

538845bp

4255135 BC

(Damon et al)

BM-530

Wood

Hassan 1985

Qasr el Sagha (QES)V/79 (I/AB/47)

From depth c.10cm. Ancient deltaic deposits of Lake Qarun, layer of cross-bedded sand

599060bp

487085 BC

(Damon et al)

GD-693

Charcoal

Hassan 1985 and www.carbon14.pl

QES V/79 (AB/47)

?

607550bp

495580 BC

(Damon et al)

Bln-2335

Charcoal

Hassan 1985

QES I/79

From depth c.40cm. Ancient deltaic deposits of Lake Qarun, layer of cross-bedded sand

6040650bp (Rej)

N/a

Gd-708

Charcoal

Hassan 1985 and www.carbon14.pl

QES I/79

1.45m

555560bp

4430190 BC

(Damon et al)

Bln-2333

Charcoal

Hassan 1985

QES I/79

1.70-1.75m (ancient deltaic deposits of Lake Qarun, layer of cross-bedded sand with Faiyum A remains)

554070bp

4410190 BC

(Damon et al)

Gd-1140

Charcoal

Hassan 1985 and www.carbon14.pl

QES I/79

1.75m.  Associated with CWSS Unit

564555bp

4520190 BC

(Damon et al)

Bln-2334

Charcoal

Hassan 1985

QES QS XI/81

Associated with GHS Formation

6480170bp

5350115 BC

(Damon et al)

Gd-2021

Charcoal

Hassan 1985

QES QS IX/81

?

638060bp

5350105 BC

(Damon et al)

Gd-1499

Charcoal

Hassan 1985

QES QS X/81-1

Hearth 1

632060bp

5915105 BC

(Damon et al)

Gd-1497

Charcoal

Hassan 1985

QES QS X/81-2

Hearth 2

6290100bp

5164135 BC

(Damon et al)

Gd-979

Charcoal

Hassan 1985

QES QS X/81-5

Hearth 5

6290110bp

5164140 BC

(Damon et al)

Gd-980

Charcoal

Hassan 1985

QES VIE/81

From a hearth in wadi silt near site QS VIE/81

565070bp

4525190 BC

(Damon et al)

Gd-1495

Charcoal

Hassan 1985

E29G3(B) = Caton-Thompson 1934 Site R

Fayum A cultural layer 13-16m asl

5860115bp

4740145BC

(Damon et al)

I-4131

Charcoal

Hassan 1986

 

3910115 BC

Said et al 1970

Unidentified occupation c.14-17m asl

 

3210BC110

I-3469

Re-deposited charcoal

Said et al 1970

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

QES QS XI/81

From hearth 2

6480170BP

?

Gd-2021

Charcoal

www.carbon14.pl

QES QS IX/81

From hearth 1

638060BP

?

Gd-1499

Charcoal

www.carbon14.pl

QES QS X/81

From hearth 1

632060BP

?

Gd-1497

Charcoal

www.carbon14.pl

QES QS X/81

From hearth 5

638080

?

Gd-980

Charcoal

www.carbon14.pl

QES QS X/81

From hearth 2

6290100

?

Gd-979

Charcoal

www.carbon14.pl

QES QS VIIA/80

Locus 6

5160110

?

Gd-917

Charcoal

www.carbon14.pl

QES QS X/81

From hearth 3

4740100

?

Gd-978

Charcoal

www.carbon14.pl

QES QS VIIA/80

Locus 6

5080110

?

Gd-918

Charcoal

www.carbon14.pl

QES QS VIIA/80

From locus 2

5960400

?

Gd-919

Charcoal

www.carbon14.pl

QES QS VIIA/80

From a layer of white sand below soil level, section 8

5450100

?

Gd-977

Charcoal

www.carbon14.pl

QES QS VIIG/80

From hearth 2

5120110

?

Gd-874

Charcoal

www.carbon14.pl

QES QS VIIA/81

From a layer of yellow sand above soil level, section 8

500060

?

Gd-1496

Charcoal

www.carbon14.pl

QES QS VIII/80

From a layer of white sand, Trench 1, depth 250-255cm

5010120

?

Gd-904

Charcoal

www.carbon14.pl

QES QS VIIA/81

From a sandy layer with washed hearth, depth 25-30, section 8

4580180

?

Gd-973

Charcoal

www.carbon14.pl

QES QS VIA/81

From Feature 2/81

358060

?

Gd-970

Charcoal

www.carbon14.pl

QES QS IA/81

From Feature 1/81

346050

?

Gd-1486

Charcoal

www.carbon14.pl

E29H2

16m asl.

 

3860BC115

I-4127

?

Said 1970

Late Neolithic

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

QES VID/80

From hearth#1 in white silt layer.Ancient deltaic deposits of Lake Qarun, layer of cross-bedded sand.

5410110bp

5275170 BC

(Damon et al)

Gd-903

Charcoal

Hassan 1985 and www.carbon14.pl

QES VIIA/80

From a sandy layer below fossil soil, section 7. Ancient deltaic deposits of Lake Qarun, layer of cross-bedded sand.

5070110bp

3900150 BC

(Damon et al)

Gd-895

Charcoal

Hassan 1985 and www.carbon14.pl

QES VIIA/80

?

5480100bp

4350205 BC

(Damon et al)

Gd-977

Charcoal

Hassan 1985

QES VIIA/80

From a sandy layer below fossil soil, section 6. Ancient deltaic deposits of Lake Qarun, layer of cross-bedded sand

5160120bp

4005160 BC

(Damon et al)

Gd-915

Charcoal

Hassan 1985

And www.carbon14.pl

QES QS-X/81

Hearth 6

5330100bp

4189160 BC

(Damon et al)

Gd-978

Charcoal

Hassan 1985

QES QS V/79

?

607550BP

?

Gd-695

?

Kozlowski and Ginter 1989

QES QS VII/80

?

4820110bp

c.3600BC

 

?

?

Wetterstrom 1993, 1995

QES QS VIIA/80

?

599095bp

?

?

?

Wetterstrom

1993, 1995

QES QS VIIA/80

From a sandy layer above fossil soil, section 6

5080110BP

?

Gd-916

Charcoal

www.carbon14.pl

QES QS VIIG/81

From a hearth

3190130BP

?

Gd-971

Charcoal

www.carbon14.pl

?

QES QS VIIC/80

From a furnace pit

389045BP

?

Gd-1372

Charcoal

www.carbon14.pl

QES QS VIII/80

?

5012120bp

?

Gd-904

?

Kozlowski and Ginter 1989

QES QS VII/80

?

5129110bp

?

Gd-874

?

Kozlowski and Ginter 1989

 

West Faiyum

Predynastic

FS-1

 

516070bp

516070 BC

(Damon et al)

Beta-4181

Charcoal

Hassan 1985

FS-2

 

496016bp

4960160 BC

(Damon et al)

Beta-4182

Charcoal

Hassan 1985

FS-3

 

547570bp

547570BC

(Damon et al)

Beta-4874

Charcoal

Hassan 1985

 

Western Delta

 

Merimda Beni Salama

T4, 60cm below surface

5430120bp

4295175BC (Damon et al)

U-10A

Grain

Hassan 1985

T4, 60cm below surface

5550100bp

4425205BC

(Damon et al)

U-10B

Grain

Hassan 1985

T4, 60cm below surface

5640100bp

4515205BC (Damon et al)

U-73

Grain

Hassan 1985

TT2: -75cm below surface

526090bp

4115155BC

(Damon et al)

WSU-1846

Grain

Hassan 1985

? – 180cm below surface

6130110bp

5005125BC

(Damon et al)

U-6

Charcoal

Hassan 1985

R1- 180cm below surface

5710700bp (Rej)

N/a

U-7

Charcoal

Hassan 1985

T4- 180cm below surface

3630100bp (Rej)

N/a

U-31

Bone apatite

Hassan 1985

T4- 180cm below surface

4560140bp (Rej)

N/a

U-32

Bone collagen

Hassan 1985

TT2 –102cm below surface

5750100bp

4560140 BC

(Damon et al)

W-4355

Charcoal

Hassan 1985

A18

5580230bp

4455290 BC

(Damon et al)

U-8

Charcoal

Hassan 1985

?

5970120bp

4850135 BC

(Damon et al)

U-9A

Charcoal

Hassan 1985

?

5940100bp

4820115 BC

(Damon et al)

U-9B

Charcoal

Hassan 1985

Merimda I.1

583060bp

4710105 BC

(Damon et al)

KN-3275

Charcoal

Hassan 1985

Merimda I.2

579060bp

4670105 BC

(Damon et al)

KN-3276

Charcoal

Hassan 1985

Merimda I.3

589060bp

4750105 BC

(Damon et al)

KN-3277

Charcoal

Hassan 1985

Merimda V.1

559060bp

4465105 BC

(Damon et al)

KN-3278

Charcoal

Hassan 1985

Merimda V.2

576060bp

4640105 BC

(Damon et al)

KN-3279

Charcoal

Hassan 1985

 

El-Omari

A15

5255230bp

4110260 BC

(Damon et al)

C-463

Charcoal

Hassan 1985

 

Maadi

CLXVA

473060bp

3505110 BC

(Damon et al)

Beta-2804

Wood

Hassan 1985

 

CXXXA

501050bp

3835120 BC

(Damon et al)

Beta-2805

Grain

Hassan 1985

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Eastern Delta

Late Predynastic/

Early Dynastic

Minshat Abu Omar

30 55 00N

32 02 00E

Square 13/21-20, pure sandy layer 1-2m

9000110BP

 

Gd-6232

Terrestrial shell

www.carbon14.pl

 

 

Minshat Abu Omar

30 55 00N

32 02 00E

From depth 2.5m below the surface of sandy hill (gezira) near grave 1930 from pure sand

524060BP

 

Gd-5713

Fresh water shell

www.carbon14.pl

 

 

Minshat Abu Omar

30 55 00N

32 02 00E

From wooden construction of the chamber of grave 1590

 

393970BP

 

Gd-6233

Charcoal

www.carbon14.pl

 

 

Minshat Abu Omar

30 55 00N

32 02 00E

From the contents of funerary ceramic vessels 7-9 found in grave 1930

4120100BP

 

Gd-4566

Charcoal

www.carbon14.pl

Rej Rejected Date