A Complete List of Maadi Flora and Fauna

Appendix C

  • Domesticated animals and the number of the bones found
    • cattle (3573)
    • sheep (840)
    • goat (38)
    • pig (6568)
  • Wild animals and number of the bones found
    • wild aurochs/bos primigenius (13)
    • bubal hartebeest/alcelaphus buselaphus buselaphus (became extinct) (125)
    • dorcas gazelle/gazella dorcas (and gazell leptoceros?) (131)
    • hippo/hippopotamus amphibius (235)
    • ?wild hog/sus scrofa (1)
    • ?jackal/canis aureus (1)
    • fox/vulpes vulpes and ruppells fox/vulpes rueppelli (26)
    • fennec fox/fennecus zerda (2)
    • lion/panthera leo (2)
    • African wild cat/felis silvestris libyca and sand cat/felis margarita margarita (6)
    • striped hyaena/hyaena hyaena (1)
    • striped weasel/poecilictis libyca (86)
    • cape or brown hare/lepus capensis (1)
    • hedgehoge/paraechinus deserti (3)
    • shrew/crocidura flavescens deltae (33)
    • field rat/arvicanthus niloticus (1244)
    • (field rat or sundevall's jird) (413)
    • sundevall's jird/meriones crassus perpallidu (and Libyan jirds/meriones libycus libycus?) (1053)
    • greater Egyptian gerbil/gerbillus pyramidum pyramidum (90)
    • house mouse/mus musculus (135)
    • short-tailed bandicoot Rat /nesokia indica (12)
    • lesser Jerboa/jaculus jaculus (45)
  • Birds and number of the bones found
    • ostrich/struthio camelus (7)
    • white pelican/pelecanus onocrotalus (1)
    • cormorant/phalacrocorax carbo (3)
    • african darter/anhinga rufa (2)
    • grey heron/ardea cinerea (8)
    • purple heron/ardea purpurea (5)
    • little egret/egretta garzetta (4)
    • black-crowned night-heron/nycticorax nycticorax (4)
    • little bittern/ixobrychus minutus (1)
    • anser albifrons (37)
    • mallard/anas platyrhynchos and pintail/anas acuta (66)
    • gadwall/anas strepera and wigeon/anas penelope (3)
    • northern shoveler/anas clypeata (5)
    • gargany/anas querquedula and teal/anas crecca (57)
    • pochard/aythya ferina and tufted duck/aythya fuligula (7)
    • ferruginous duck/aythya nyroca (1)
    • differents ducks (11)
    • falco spec. (2)
    • coturnix coturnix (14)
    • crane/grus grus (4)
    • (grosse Trappe)
    • crex crex (31)
    • (wachtelkoenig or wasserralle)
    • water rail/rallus aquaticus (1)
    • spotted crake/porzana porzana (1)
    • common moorhen/gallinula chloropus (2)
    • coot/fulica atra (1)
    • ?sandpiper/tringa glareola (1)
    • woodcock/scolopax rusticola (1)
    • stone curlew/burhinus oedicnemus (3)
    • sandwich tern/sterna sandvicensis (1)
    • black-bellied sandgrouse/pterocles senegallus (5)
    • short-eared owl/asio flammeus (1)
    • skylark/alauda arvensis or crested lark/galerida cristata (2)
    • wheatear/oenanthe spec. (2)
    • blackbird/turdus merula (1)
    • common raven/corvus corax (1)
    • hooded crow/corvus corone sardonius (1)
    • bones of birds unknown animal (76)
  • Fish and number of bones found
    • polypterus bichir (667)
    • mormyrus spec. (50)
    • gnathonemus cyprinoides (3)
    • hyperopsius bebe (34)
    • (unknown mormyrids) (143)
    • hydrocyon (forskalii) (7)
    • alestes spec. (22)
    • citharinus/distichodus (2)
    • barbus bynni (18)
    • barbus spec. (?bynni) (40)
    • labeo spec. (43)
    • (unknown cyprinids) (161)
    • bagrus docmac and bagrus bayad (356)
    • auchenoglanis occidentalis (12)
    • chrysichthys spec. (2)
    • eutropius niloticus (1)
    • schilbe mystus (5)
    • clarias/heterobranchus (4167)
    • malapterurus electricus (7)
    • synodontis (1805)
    • catfish/siluriformes (2191)
    • mugil spec. (166)
    • nile perch/lates niloticus (666)
    • tilapia nilotica (1153)
    • tetrodon fahaka (104)
  • Plants
    • wheat (triticum dicoccum)
    • sorghum
    • barley
    • vetch (vicia sativa augustifolia) for fodder (?)

(Sources:  Krzyzaniak 1977: Boessneck 1988, copied from www.petrie.ucl.ac.uk).